A thriving garden is a wondrous thing. It can provide beauty, food, and peace of mind for years to come. But when it comes to growing a healthy garden that thrives year-round without any stress, there are some steps you should take before planting anything in the ground. A well-thought-out plan will ensure your garden not only survives but flourishes!
Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, there’s always something new to learn. We’ve put together this guide for how to grow a thriving garden that’ll keep your plants healthy and happy all year long.
Start with a plan
Planning your garden is the most crucial step to growing a thriving one. How much space do you have? What types of plants will work best in your soil and climate? How many hours of sun does this spot get each day? You need to know every detail before you start digging. A well-thought-out plan will ensure your garden not only survives but flourishes! So, make sure you take some time to map out your garden and plan for any surprises.
After you’ve mapped it all out, think about what type of plants will work best in your space. The answer may not be the same year-round! In winter, don’t plant a summer fruit tree like peach or apple trees that need many hours of sun each day; they’ll grow too slowly during months when there are less than eight hours of sunlight per day. Likewise, try planting cold-weather vegetables such as spinach and kale over lettuce which can only survive through those chilly temperatures with protection from frost cloths or mulch.
Decide on what types of plants
- Flowery Plant: Choose flowers for their fragrance, color, or length of bloom. With these considerations in mind, choose annuals (single season) versus perennials (multiyear). Annuals grow quickly and are easier than perennials because they don’t have deep roots that need attention; however, they require more care, generally speaking as far as watering goes. They should also be replaced every year, so eventually, all beds won’t contain an equal mix of annuals and perennials.
- Perennial Plant: Choose plants that will thrive with little care, such as evergreens or shrubs. If you have a larger garden and want to plant more than one type of flowery perennial, choose contrasting colors for some variety in your planting palette. For example, purple coneflowers alongside yellow daylilies are very eye-catching!
- Vegetables: If you want to grow veggies in your garden, then make sure to plan some large-scale ones, such as tomatoes or beans. These plants need a ton of room! Plus, if you plant more than one type of vegetable, your garden will be less vulnerable to a single season’s crop failure. You will also find some valuable tips on plant health care at gardenandgrass, so make sure you check it out.
- Annual Plants: Plant annuals near the front and rear entrances of your house or business, so they’re easy for passersby to see. This is convenient if you want fresh flowers in winter! Annual plants also serve as excellent filler; after all, not every bed can contain perennials due to their high maintenance requirements. And don’t forget about edibles like lettuce and herbs–creating an herb border around your property line can be a great way to keep pests away from other parts of the yard.
- Shrubs: Shrubbery is the perfect addition to any backyard landscape (or front yard!). They provide color year-round, offer shade on hot summer days, which can make gardening more enjoyable if it’s done during the hottest parts of the day, and they’ll also attract pollinators, so be sure to plant at least one type of flowering shrub.
- Herbs: Herbs not only look beautiful but are useful as well! Sage is an excellent herb because it keeps away insects, while mint helps repel rabbits from eating garden plants. Some common herbs include basil which aids in digestion, and cilantro, which removes heavy metals when consumed orally (wonderful for pregnant women!).
Create an irrigation system: Plants will need water throughout the year to help them thrive. How you choose to provide it is up to you! You can either hand-water your plants or install a drip irrigation system that’ll automatically give your garden just enough water without wasting any. Besides, you will also find that a drip system is much more efficient and less likely to cause plant rot if you don’t water them enough.
- Purchase healthy starts: Starting with seedlings, plants in pots, or even transplants from friends and family members are ideal because they’re already used to being outdoors, which means they’ll be ready for planting day, which won’t stress out these hardy folks who want nothing more than good health and happiness. Just make sure not all of your starting plants come from one source so as not to create an epidemic if their unique needs aren’t met (i.e., too much sun).
- Make a compost pile: A well-made compost pile is a gardener’s best friend. Composting will not only allow you to have nutrient-rich soil for your plants, but it also helps break down all of those plant scraps into something usable and put back into the ground. Moreover, it will help cut down on the amount of garbage you produce.
- Keep track of when to water, fertilize, and harvest your plants: To keep your garden alive and thriving all year long, it’s important that you know when to water, fertilize, and harvest. How often they need these things will depend on the type of plant or vegetable in question. You can maintain a record of when to water, fertilize and harvest by writing it in your calendar or on a sheet of paper.
- Look for enough sunlight: It’s important to make sure that your plants get enough sunlight on a regular basis. If not, they may struggle with growth or produce fewer fruits and vegetables than normal. Additionally, also check if they can withstand the summer heat. Some plants may require shade or a way to keep cool.
- Consider soil pH levels: When people think about gardening, this often gets neglected, but making sure that your garden has optimal pH levels will help ensure healthy roots and strong stems for your plants – which means more food from less water and time spent tending them. How do you know if your soil pH levels are optimal? A simple test kit can do the trick.
Keep an eye out for pests like weeds: Weeds are a gardener’s worst enemy! They can take over entire areas of your yard if not kept at bay with consistent vigilance. This is why early detection is key–once weeding becomes necessary, there’ll be no stopping them from taking over. Besides, weeds will steal precious nutrients from your vegetables and make them bitter, as well.
Having a thriving garden all year round doesn’t have to be difficult. By following these tips, you can enjoy a healthier and more productive space for years to come!