Maintain your computer in good condition is something almost mandatory, especially after investing in a tool that you probably use every day. Performing maintenance is nothing special, and you do not have to be a computer technician to keep your computer in good shape. According to NimbleNerds anyone who uses one can follow these simple tips and considerably reduce the problems that it may have.
Inside, hard drive and software
- Use a good antivirus: Protecting yourself is an essential part of maintenance. Configure the antivirus software to download and install the installations automatically. The advantage is that now you do not have to worry about doing it every time you remember. Once you select the update frequency, the antivirus will do it for you. Set up your computer so that it automatically downloads and installs updates. This is a function that both Windows and Apple offer. Installing these patches can significantly reduce the problems on your computer.
- Install anti-spyware tools: Most current antivirus products come with a firewall included. This firewall is a program that will control the inputs and outputs of your computer to the internet.
- Do not download or install unknown internet programs: This is the biggest mistake a user can make; this software can damage your computer. Remember that the internet is open the door to spyware and many other kinds of evils that can infect your computer.
- Uninstall everything you do not need: In my case, my library of movies and music I store on an external hard drive, as well as photographs that I do not access frequently.
- Defragment your hard drive periodically: Each version of Windows includes a utility to do it, so you should check how to defragment according to the release of Windows that you have installed. If you wish, you can also install defragmentation tools that will do the work for you. Among the best of 2017 are Auslogics, Smart Defrag and Defraggler.
On the outside, hardware
- Use your computer with a UPS (Uninterruptible Power System) to protect it from voltage spikes. Telephone lines for modems and network cables CAT 5 and CAT 6 also need protection against voltage spikes, as they can and will damage your network card or modem during a thunderstorm.
- The dust accumulates in the blink of an eye: Clean the dust in the base using a vacuum cleaner (or cloth), then use compressed air in a can. Also, spray the fan inputs of the power supply. I do not recommend that you open the computer that you could lose the warranty of the same, so it is essential that you make sure of this before opening it.
- I also recommend buying a protector for the keyboard. These adhere very well and prevent skin, hair, and even crumbs from entering the interior of the keyboard.
- Be careful when connecting USB, Ethernet, or other peripherals: Ports such as USB and Ethernet ports can easily be damaged if placed carelessly. The repair of the ports can be expensive, and they are also necessary.
- Turn it off or keep it on? Many prefer to leave their computers on. The expansion and thermal contraction of the components can also cause faults due to the ignition cycles. If you plan to leave it on at all times, turn off the monitor and put the hard drives in a suspended state after an hour using the power saving menu. You can also put your computer in standby mode after one hour. Give your computer a break by turning it off once in a while – I prefer to turn off my computer once a week. There is not much difficulty if you leave it on for a day or two, but keep in mind that the hotter it is, the more machinery will wear out.